About the middle of March, 1565, Captain General Miguel Lopez De Legaspi’s fleet anchored along this shore, shortly thereafter, Legaspi, manifesting trust and confidence in the islanders, enters into a Blood Compact with Datu Sikatuna, for the purpose of insuring friendly relations between the Spaniards and the Natives. A few drops of blood drawn from a small incision in the arm of each of the two Chiefs were placed in separate cups containing wine, and in the presence of the followers of both, each Chief drank the potion containing the blood of the other. Thus, during this period of colonization, a bond was sealed in accordance with native practice, the first treaty of friendship and alliance between Spaniards and Filipinos.(Source)
By performing a blood compact, it preserves the bond of friendship between two tribes. This ceremony was the first treaty or bond of friendship between the natives, and the Spaniards. In honor of this ceremony, the former President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino established the Order of Sikatuna, a presidential decoration conferred upon politicians. Juan Luna, a Filipino painter, depicted this event in his painting entitled The Blood Compact (Spanish: El Pacto de Sangre) in 1883. El Pacto de Sangre obtained the first prize in Paris in 1885 and at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of St. Louis in 1904. At that period, it was an important part for tribes to perform the sandugo as part of the peace process. A monument was constructed in Tagbilaran City by the Philippine Historical Committee and the National Historical Institute.(Source)
Blood Compact Shrine, Bohol, Philippines
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